Gay men in couples earn considerably less than their heterosexual colleagues, and are less likely to be employed, a new report claims.
Men in homosexual relationships were found to be earning six per cent less than comparable straight men, despite the introduction of anti-discrimination in the workplace laws in 2003.
The study, published in the Centre for Economic Performance's CentrePiece magazine found, however, that lesbian women in a same-sex relationship were paid around 11 per cent more than heterosexual women living in a couple, and were 12 per cent more likely to be in work.
The pay penalty was found to be much larger for younger gay men than older men, while the pay premium for younger lesbian women and lesbian women working in the private sector was much lower.
However, the results may reflect the fact that gay couples tend to be younger, more educated and more likely to live in London than heterosexual couples, the report noted, thus part of the 'gay effect' observed could be accounted for by the 'graduate effect'.
Higher salaries for lesbian women may also reflect childcare commitments that heterosexual women might have, the report said.