Employees could be damaging their health if they are let down and unsupported by their manager at work, it has been suggested.
According to Management Today, Swedish scientists have found a link between poor leadership and an increased risk of heart trouble among workers.
After surveying 3,000 male employees they found that those who felt they were victimised at work had higher levels of stress which can lead to heart disease.
Furthermore, they were likely to take up smoking or drinking and their blood pressure was often higher.
Anna Nyberg, from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm, suggests: "Interventions aimed at improving the psychosocial work environment... could focus on concrete managerial behaviours such as the provision of clear work objectives, information and sufficient control in relation to responsibilities."
The Andrea Adams Trust has recently claimed that there are also growing numbers of employees being bullied in the workplace, which was described as "terrifying" by the organisation.